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大宗商品电商风潮来袭,爆发还需克服五大难点

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年09月23日 03:39:22
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腾讯分分才能代理吗信誉老台子平台直属招商客服【微\Q】【99045161】诚招代理【在线开户网址um298.com】龙虎和龙虎1赔2.211合1赔9.95,定位胆1赔9.95腾讯5,10分欢乐生肖,最高返水100反9快,最高赔率。大宗商品电商风潮来袭,爆发还需克服五大难点

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(  近)(日)(,根)(据)(南)(方)(周)(末)(撰)(写)(的)(文)(章)(,红)(杉)(资)(本)(为)(了)(抢)(“一)(亩)(田)(”,不)(签)(协)(议)(直)(接)(打)(了)(几)(百)(万)(美)(金)(。据)(悉)(,一)(亩)(田)(交)(易)(规)(模)(今)(年)(底)(将)(突)(破)(1000亿)(,而)(阿)(里)(巴)(巴)(去)(年)(的)(农)(产)(品)(销)(售)(额)(是)(480亿)(。到)(明)(年)(底)(,一)(亩)(田)(至)(少)(能)(达)(到)(5000亿)(,或)(将)(冲)(击)(一)(下)(10000亿)(。
  所)(谓)(大)(宗)(商)(品)(,是)(指)(可)(进)(入)(流)(通)(领)(域)(,但)(非)(零)(售)(环)(节)(,具)(有)(商)(品)(属)(性)(用)(于)(工)(农)(业)(生)(产)(与)(消)(费)(使)(用)(的)(大)(批)(量)(买)(卖)(的)(物)(质)(商)(品)(。大)(宗)(商)(品)(具)(有)(市)(场)(刚)(需)(、消)(费)(频)(率)(高)(以)(及)(市)(场)(规)(模)(巨)(大)(的)(特)(点)(。比)(如)(,整)(个)(钢)(铁)(行)(业)(占)(中)(国)(GDP的)(比)(重)(大)(概)(是)(10%到)(12%,这)(也)(是)(一)(个)(被)(过)(去)(互)(联)(网)(人)(完)(全)(忽)(视)(的)(“巨)(无)(霸)(”市)(场)(。
  眼)(下)(,互)(联)(网)(+的)(风)(还)(在)(猛)(刮)(,资)(本)(市)(场)(的)(大)(量)(涌)(入)(预)(示)(大)(宗)(商)(品)(电)(商)(将)(成)(为)(下)(一)(个)(风)(口)(。但)(是)(,大)(宗)(商)(品)(想)(要)(爆)(发)(,还)(要)(有)(诸)(多)(难)(点)(。
  大)(宗)(商)(品)(电)(商)(风)(潮)(来)(袭)(
  从)(市)(场)(角)(度)(上)(看)(,大)(宗)(商)(品)(行)(业)(整)(体)(进)(入)(到)(一)(个)(正)(常)(的)(市)(场)(经)(济)(环)(境)(。在)(过)(去)(,大)(宗)(商)(品)(电)(商)(不)(受)(到)(互)(联)(网)(的)(关)(注)(,过)(去)(的)(大)(宗)(商)(品)(只)(是)(一)(个)(手)(段)(,一)(个)(标)(准)(的)(卖)(方)(市)(场)(。而)(从)(2012年)(开)(始)(,所)(有)(的)(大)(宗)(商)(品)(领)(域)(全)(部)(进)(入)(到)(产)(能)(过)(剩)(的)(时)(代)(,在)(产)(能)(过)(剩)(的)(时)(代)(里)(面)(,就)(从)(一)(个)(卖)(方)(市)(场)(转)(型)(到)(了)(买)(方)(市)(场)(。之)(后)(,随)(着)(电)(子)(商)(务)(逐)(渐)(成)(熟)(,大)(宗)(商)(品)(电)(商)(的)(商)(业)(模)(式)(迎)(来)(了)(快)(速)(发)(展)(的)(机)(遇)(,产)(业)(规)(模)(迅)(速)(扩)(大)(。生)(意)(社)(发)(布)(最)(新)(报)(告)(显)(示)(,截)(至)(2015年)(6月)(,我)(国)(大)(宗)(商)(品)(电)(子)(交)(易)(市)(场)(总)(数)(已)(突)(破)(1100家)(,其)(中)(仅)(2014年)(新)(注)(册)(挂)(牌)(的)(就)(超)(过)(90家)(。
  在)(大)(宗)(商)(品)(进)(出)(口)(领)(域)(,目)(前)(的)(跨)(境)(电)(商)(模)(式)(相)(比)(于)(传)(统)(的)(大)(宗)(商)(品)(进)(出)(口)(模)(式)(更)(为)(灵)(活)(。而)(且)(大)(宗)(商)(品)(电)(商)(模)(式)(减)(少)(了)(大)(量)(的)(中)(间)(环)(节)(和)(相)(关)(成)(本)(,必)(然)(会)(赢)(得)(消)(费)(者)(的)(亲)(睐)(。对)(消)(费)(者)(来)(说)(,可)(以)(用)(比)(原)(来)(低)(很)(多)(的)(价)(格)(买)(到)(海)(外)(商)(品)(,而)(总)(体)(而)(言)(,也)(是)(吸)(引)(外)(国)(企)(业)(进)(入)(中)(国)(市)(场)(,推)(动)(国)(内)(产)(业)(升)(级)(的)(一)(种)(新)(尝)(试)(。
  而)(且)(,大)(宗)(商)(品)(的)(标)(准)(化)(优)(势)(也)(使)(得)(其)(能)(够)(更)(好)(地)(与)(电)(子)(商)(务)(相)(结)(合)(。众)(所)(周)(知)(,在)(互)(联)(网)(领)(域)(里)(面)(,只)(要)(一)(个)(行)(业)(的)(产)(品)(是)(标)(准)(化)(的)(,未)(来)(互)(联)(网)(化)(的)(交)(易)(、电)(商)(的)(交)(易)(一)(定)(会)(成)(为)(一)(个)(主)(流)(。大)(宗)(商)(品)(领)(域)(的)(商)(品)(基)(本)(上)(是)(标)(准)(化)(,大)(家)(对)(产)(品)(的)(质)(量)(都)(有)(一)(个)(清)(晰)(的)(认)(识)(,业)(内)(也)(有)(一)(些)(衡)(量)(的)(准)(确)(标)(准)(。以)(钢)(铁)(为)(例)(,从)(类)(型)(上)(可)(以)(分)(为)(H型)(钢)(、槽)(钢)(、角)(钢)(等)(,从)(材)(质)(上)(可)(以)(分)(为)(不)(锈)(钢)(、碳)(钢)(、合)(金)(钢)(等)(,而)(且)(每)(种)(类)(型)(的)(钢)(都)(有)(固)(定)(的)(规)(格)(尺)(寸)(。总)(而)(言)(之)(,大)(宗)(商)(品)(非)(常)(细)(分)(化)(、标)(准)(化)(,在)(电)(子)(商)(务)(时)(代)(,大)(宗)(商)(品)(与)(电)(商)(可)(以)(产)(生)(非)(常)(强)(烈)(的)(化)(学)(反)(应)(。
  此)(外)(,国)(家)(相)(关)(政)(策)(的)(推)(出)(也)(促)(进)(了)(大)(宗)(商)(品)(电)(商)(的)(发)(展)(。今)(年)(5月)(初)(,国)(务)(院)(发)(布)(《国)(务)(院)(关)(于)(大)(力)(发)(展)(电)(子)(商)(务)(加)(快)(培)(育)(经)(济)(新)(动)(力)(的)(意)(见)(》(简)(称)(电)(商)(国)(“八)(条)(”),提)(出)(“推)(动)(传)(统)(商)(贸)(流)(通)(企)(业)(发)(展)(电)(子)(商)(务)(,研)(究)(完)(善)(能)(源)(、化)(工)(、钢)(铁)(、林)(业)(等)(行)(业)(电)(子)(商)(务)(平)(台)(规)(范)(发)(展)(的)(相)(关)(措)(施)(”。
  对)(大)(宗)(商)(品)(B2B来)(说)(,电)(商)(“国)(八)(条)(”的)(出)(台)(可)(谓)(下)(了)(一)(场)(“及)(时)(雨)(”。电)(商)(“国)(八)(条)(”明)(确)(要)(求)(推)(动)(传)(统)(商)(贸)(流)(通)(企)(业)(发)(展)(电)(子)(商)(务)(,积)(极)(利)(用)(大)(数)(据)(等)(信)(息)(技)(术)(提)(升)(流)(通)(效)(率)(和)(服)(务)(质)(量)(。业)(内)(专)(家)(分)(析)(,电)(商)(发)(展)(再)(获)(国)(家)(政)(策)(加)(码)(支)(持)(,大)(宗)(商)(品)(B2B等)(电)(商)(业)(态)(将)(迎)(来)(爆)(发)(。比)(如)(,去)(年)(七)(月)(成)(立)(的)(塑)(化)(B2B找)(塑)(料)(网)(,仅)(仅)(成)(立)(10个)(月)(,月)(交)(易)(额)(已)(突)(破)(10亿)(元)(,在)(华)(南)(、华)(东)(和)(西)(南)(等)(塑)(料)(重)(镇)(开)(了)(8家)(分)(公)(司)(,在)(塑)(化)(行)(业)(刮)(起)(凶)(猛)(的)(“找)(塑)(料)(网)(”风)(潮)(。
  五)(大)(难)(点)(
  大)(宗)(商)(品)(电)(商)(的)(风)(潮)(来)(袭)(,但)(是)(与)(大)(众)(类)(商)(品)(能)(够)(与)(互)(联)(网)(快)(速)(融)(合)(不)(同)(,大)(宗)(商)(品)(电)(商)(仍)(面)(临)(五)(大)(难)(点)(。
  1.商)(品)(管)(理)(
  首)(先)(,由)(于)(大)(宗)(商)(品)(电)(商)(平)(台)(是)(众)(多)(卖)(家)(与)(买)(家)(在)(平)(台)(上)(进)(行)(集)(中)(交)(易)(,各)(卖)(家)(的)(可)(供)(商)(品)(资)(源)(完)(全)(不)(一)(,很)(难)(规)(范)(管)(理)(。其)(次)(,目)(前)(的)(搜)(索)(技)(术)(难)(以)(准)(确)(地)(将)(各)(类)(资)(源)(报)(价)(分)(析)(到)(位)(,导)(入)(平)(台)(的)(卖)(方)(挂)(牌)(系)(统)(。这)(样)(就)(会)(导)(致)(资)(源)(报)(价)(十)(分)(混)(乱)(。如)(果)(按)(第)(二)(方)(平)(台)(一)(样)(,要)(求)(用)(户)(必)(须)(按)(标)(准)(格)(式)(上)(传)(报)(价)(,将)(不)(适)(应)(目)(前)(钢)(铁)(行)(业)(的)(实)(际)(贸)(易)(市)(场)(情)(况)(。
  此)(外)(,最)(大)(的)(问)(题)(在)(于)(,现)(阶)(段)(的)(诚)(信)(保)(证)(机)(制)(无)(法)(完)(全)(约)(束)(交)(易)(商)(的)(网)(站)(行)(为)(,不)(能)(完)(全)(保)(证)(挂)(牌)(交)(易)(商)(品)(的)(真)(实)(性)(和)(可)(靠)(度)(。为)(解)(决)(这)(个)(问)(题)(,业)(内)(多)(数)(采)(用)(交)(易)(保)(证)(金)(机)(制)(,但)(事)(实)(上)(,由)(于)(金)(额)(较)(大)(,客)(户)(对)(此)(接)(受)(程)(度)(不)(高)(。
  2.支)(付)(结)(算)(
  与)(淘)(宝)(、京)(东)(等)(B2C电)(商)(平)(台)(上)(交)(易)(的)(商)(品)(不)(同)(,大)(宗)(商)(品)(基)(本)(属)(于)(大)(额)(交)(易)(,单)(笔)(交)(易)(货)(款)(少)(则)(十)(多)(万)(,多)(则)(几)(百)(万)(,这)(是)(由)(大)(宗)(商)(品)(的)(天)(然)(属)(性)(决)(定)(的)(。同)(时)(,买)(卖)(双)(方)(对)(交)(易)(资)(金)(往)(来)(要)(求)(极)(高)(,涉)(及)(跨)(行)(结)(算)(、税)(票)(一)(致)(、及)(时)(到)(账)(、当)(日)(提)(现)(、支)(付)(无)(限)(额)(等)(。目)(前)(,行)(业)(内)(的)(第)(三)(方)(支)(付)(平)(台)(或)(是)(银)(商)(通)(道)(等)(支)(付)(结)(算)(形)(式)(都)(不)(能)(有)(效)(解)(决)(这)(些)(问)(题)(,主)(要)(表)(现)(在)(:对)(接)(银)(行)(通)(道)(较)(少)(,相)(对)(单)(一)(;难)(以)(达)(到)(T+0大)(额)(支)(付)(提)(现)(。
  3.线)(下)(仓)(储)(
  由)(于)(大)(宗)(商)(品)(外)(形)(、重)(量)(、及)(数)(量)(都)(是)(超)(大)(型)(的)(,比)(如)(钢)(铁)(、煤)(,一)(般)(为)(上)(吨)(级)(别)(,所)(以)(仓)(储)(之)(于)(大)(宗)(商)(品)(尤)(为)(关)(键)(。倘)(若)(没)(有)(完)(备)(的)(仓)(储)(体)(系)(对)(质)(押)(资)(源)(进)(行)(监)(管)(识)(别)(,一)(旦)(仓)(储)(出)(现)(风)(险)(将)(拖)(垮)(电)(商)(交)(易)(平)(台)(,融)(资)(就)(是)(空)(谈)(。从)(目)(前)(的)(国)(内)(实)(际)(情)(况)(来)(看)(,可)(以)(线)(下)(合)(作)(的)(只)(有)(社)(会)(仓)(库)(与)(贸)(易)(商)(自)(建)(仓)(库)(。从)(推)(进)(进)(度)(来)(看)(,具)(备)(线)(下)(物)(流)(仓)(储)(体)(系)(的)(特)(大)(型)(贸)(易)(商)(如)(物)(产)(中)(拓)(、五)(矿)(发)(展)(等)(具)(有)(明)(显)(的)(先)(发)(优)(势)(。而)(推)(进)(效)(率)(则)(有)(可)(能)(是)(民)(营)(企)(业)(上)(海)(钢)(联)(等)(后)(来)(居)(上)(。但)(这)(是)(个)(长)(期)(的)(过)(程)(,商)(业)(模)(式)(的)(演)(化)(和)(实)(施)(速)(度)(仍)(需)(要)(观)(察)(。
  而)(且)(,对)(大)(宗)(商)(品)(而)(言)(,简)(单)(的)(快)(递)(并)(不)(能)(解)(决)(问)(题)(,它)(的)(运)(输)(需)(要)(卡)(车)(、火)(车)(和)(轮)(船)(,它)(的)(仓)(储)(需)(要)(的)(是)(大)(型)(货)(场)(、联)(网)(监)(管)(仓)(库)(等)(。这)(就)(会)(导)(致)(一)(个)(产)(品)(销)(售)(辐)(射)(半)(径)(的)(问)(题)(,在)(半)(径)(范)(围)(之)(内)(,多)(数)(问)(题)(处)(理)(相)(对)(简)(单)(。但)(跨)(区)(域)(运)(输)(与)(仓)(储)(就)(会)(造)(成)(很)(大)(的)(问)(题)(,其)(中)(最)(大)(的)(障)(碍)(在)(于)(国)(内)(没)(有)(完)(善)(的)(安)(全)(的)(大)(宗)(商)(品)(电)(子)(化)(物)(流)(体)(系)(来)(支)(撑)(。目)(前)(的)(大)(宗)(商)(品)(电)(商)(网)(站)(平)(台)(,都)(是)(依)(靠)(数)(以)(百)(计)(的)(第)(三)(方)(运)(输)(和)(仓)(储)(公)(司)(来)(支)(撑)(和)(配)(合)(,但)(多)(数)(只)(是)(集)(中)(在)(某)(一)(区)(域)(内)(,辐)(射)(半)(径)(有)(限)(。
  4.线)(上)(价)(格)(优)(势)(不)(明)(显)(
  一)(般)(而)(言)(,线)(上)(交)(易)(比)(线)(下)(交)(易)(具)(有)(非)(常)(明)(显)(优)(势)(,由)(于)(渠)(道)(中)(间)(环)(节)(减)(少)(和)(实)(体)(店)(面)(成)(本)(消)(除)(,使)(得)(同)(样)(物)(件)(价)(格)(线)(上)(比)(线)(下)(价)(格)(明)(显)(降)(低)(。然)(而)(,大)(宗)(商)(品)(恰)(恰)(相)(反)(,产)(品)(同)(质)(化)(严)(重)(,生)(产)(资)(料)(往)(往)(直)(接)(面)(对)(生)(产)(企)(业)(。渠)(道)(往)(往)(异)(常)(扁)(平)(化)(,比)(如)(原)(油)(、钢)(材)(、铁)(矿)(石)(、煤)(炭)(,销)(售)(费)(用)(占)(产)(品)(单)(价)(较)(低)(,线)(上)(交)(易)(与)(线)(下)(交)(易)(从)(价)(格)(上)(并)(没)(有)(本)(质)(区)(别)(,甚)(至)(线)(上)(线)(下)(交)(易)(一)(价)(为)(之)(。所)(以)(,大)(宗)(品)(电)(子)(商)(务)(像)(消)(费)(品)(一)(样)(降)(低)(销)(售)(成)(本)(以)(压)(低)(价)(格)(作)(为)(切)(入)(口)(就)(难)(以)(实)(现)(。
  5.盈)(利)(模)(式)(模)(糊)(
  目)(前)(来)(看)(,大)(多)(数)(大)(宗)(商)(品)(电)(商)(仍)(是)(免)(费)(模)(式)(。通)(过)(免)(费)(撮)(合)(钢)(厂)(、贸)(易)(商)(和)(用)(户)(在)(网)(上)(交)(易)(,迅)(速)(扩)(大)(客)(流)(量)(,进)(而)(提)(供)(各)(种)(增)(值)(服)(务)(。在)(“烧)(钱)(”的)(同)(时)(,多)(数)(钢)(铁)(电)(商)(并)(未)(将)(盈)(利)(纳)(上)(议)(事)(日)(程)(。钢)(为)(网)(CEO张)(峻)(桢)(表)(示)(,“2016年)(前)(就)(是)(免)(费)(服)(务)(、扩)(大)(流)(量)(,还)(没)(想)(过)(盈)(利)(。”
  与)(此)(同)(时)(,民)(营)(企)(业)(则)(还)(在)(探)(索)(盈)(利)(模)(式)(。初)(期)(大)(宗)(商)(品)(电)(商)(的)(盈)(利)(模)(式)(主)(要)(由)(消)(费)(品)(电)(商)(概)(念)(导)(入)(,主)(要)(分)(为)(:交)(易)(佣)(金)(型)(、资)(金)(沉)(淀)(型)(和)(融)(资)(配)(套)(型)(。其)(中)(前)(两)(类)(在)(大)(宗)(商)(品)(电)(商)(领)(域)(很)(难)(达)(成)(:本)(身)(渠)(道)(的)(低)(盈)(利)(性)(很)(难)(抽)(取)(高)(幅)(佣)(金)(,从)(初)(始)(阶)(段)(就)(不)(具)(备)(与)(线)(下)(的)(竞)(争)(能)(力)(。而)(大)(宗)(品)(特)(性)(决)(定)(了)(生)(产)(资)(料)(在)(企)(业)(间)(交)(易)(往)(来)(更)(多)(是)(大)(额)(支)(付)(,资)(金)(划)(拨)(流)(转)(很)(难)(过)(夜)(,资)(金)(沉)(淀)(上)(远)(没)(有)(消)(费)(品)(领)(域)(来)(的)(简)(单)(。
  所)(以)(,融)(资)(配)(套)(是)(最)(有)(可)(能)(实)(现)(钢)(铁)(电)(子)(商)(务)(模)(式)(。本)(质)(是)(通)(过)(融)(资)(倍)(增)(的)(手)(段)(放)(大)(整)(体)(体)(系)(的)(成)(交)(数)(量)(。如)(果)(体)(系)(内)(流)(通)(数)(量)(较)(为)(稳)(定)(,平)(台)(商)(可)(以)(通)(过)(长)(短)(期)(资)(金)(利)(差)(进)(行)(拆)(借)(获)(利)(。但)(是)(这)(种)(商)(业)(模)(式)(盈)(利)(的)(前)(置)(条)(件)(是)(需)(要)(解)(决)(质)(押)(资)(源)(的)(安)(全)(问)(题)(,和)(一)(级)(代)(理)(商)(传)(统)(托)(盘)(盈)(利)(模)(式)(相)(似)(。
  结)(语)(
  “互)(联)(网)(+”的)(风)(席)(卷)(移)(动)(游)(戏)(、手)(机)(、O2O等)(互)(联)(网)(科)(技)(行)(业)(。如)(今)(,大)(宗)(商)(品)(电)(商)(行)(业)(也)(逐)(渐)(沦)(为)(下)(一)(个)(风)(口)(,而)(这)(个)(领)(域)(的)(猪)(“很)(沉)(”,需)(要)(解)(决)(的)(难)(题)(还)(很)(多)(,想)(要)(被)(“掀)(起)(”,仍)(需)(时)(日)(。
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